In the current world, your website is the window through which consumers see your products and services. A website is very important to present oneself or an organization on the web. Outsourcing of website design is also in high demand. Anyone with creativity can create a website.
What kind of website, and how to design it?
There are various types of websites including e-commerce, e-learning, news portals, social media, image-sharing mediums as well as personal and institutional websites. The design of the website also differs according to the type. For example, e-commerce means that popular products are shown first on online shopping websites. You have to register on some websites to buy products. Again the latest news is presented in front of the reader on the news portal. In this case, the reader can easily read the news even without registering. Again, the institutional website provides information about the organization—such as what the organization is about, what its goals and objectives are, what products or services it offers, who is managing it, how to contact them, etc.
The personal website mainly includes the person’s identity, social media links, his/her work profile, photo albums, videos, skills information in various subjects, experience and qualifications, contact address or phone number along with a resume.
What technical things to know
Creating a website on your own does not require much technical knowledge. But for creating e-commerce, e-learning, news portals, and social media sites must have good technical knowledge and skills.
The first thing you need to know to create a website is Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML. The app or software we use to view websites is called a web browser. Popular browsers are Google Chrome, Edge, Firefox, and Safari. Browsers basically recognize HTML. A free and easy website to learn HTML is w3schools.com (w3schools.com). Apart from learning, various activities can also be done here.
HTML requires CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). HTML can be designed through CSS. That is, the text color, size, font, image size, whether it will be round or not, similarly the background color of different blocks, how will the layout be; animation of various elements; How it will look on mobile – all this can be designed with CSS. This too can be easily learned from wthriscules.com. As a result, it is possible to create a website with only HTML and CSS.
The three programming languages we talked about are client-side languages (client-side languages). Servers also have different languages to work with. PHP is the most popular server-side language. Apart from this, there is Python, Java, C#, and Node.js. All the big e-commerce, e-learning, news portals, social media in the world, and all those server-side languages are used in the background (backend) of everything.
Separate software is also required for information management on the website and that is Database Management System DBMS. There are some DBMS, which manage data in table form, called RDS. Popular RDSs are SQL Server and MySQL. There are also some DBMS, which are managed in key-value form, called Nociquel. Like MongoDB, and Firebase.
How to Buy Domain and Hosting
Simply put Facebook.com or Google.com – these names are the domain of the website. And the place where the website is kept is called hosting. First, you need to buy a domain name. A domain name is like a passport number, which cannot be matched by anyone else. Therefore, you should first check if someone else is using the domain name you want. There are various websites to buy domains. Like godaddy.com, namecheap.com, bluehost.com, and dianahost.com.bd.
Since hosting is the place to keep the website, the hosting depends on the amount of space. If your website has a lot of images or videos, it will definitely require more space on the server. Again if there is a lot of user data to be stored, then the database capacity will be required. If your website is used by many people, multiple servers will be needed. A load balancer may also be required for server management. Remember, the more people visit your site (traffic), the more bandwidth your website will consume.
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